The Syntax Of The Albanian Verb Complex

The Syntax of the Albanian Verb Complex PDF
Author: Philip L. Hubbard
Publisher: Routledge
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 143
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Book Description: This work, first published in 1985, is an analysis of the syntax of the Albanian verb complex. The term "verb complex" is defined here as the verb stem and its conjugational endings, together with the perfect auxiliaries and verb clitics. In a wider sense the verb includes the verb and its central arguments: subject, direct object, and indirect object. The analysis is presented in a somewhat expanded version of the relational grammar framework of Perlmutter and Postal (1977). It is argued that by assuming the existence of multiple levels in the syntactic structure of a clause, it is possible to account for the distribution of active and non-active verb forms over the various constructions of Albanian with a single generalisation. This title will be of interest to students of language and linguistics.


The Syntax Of The Albanian Verb Complex

The Syntax of the Albanian Verb Complex PDF
Author: Philip Laurence Hubbard
Publisher:
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Albanian language
Languages : en
Pages : 406
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Book Description:


A Unification Of Morphology And Syntax

A Unification of Morphology and Syntax PDF
Author: M. Rita Manzini
Publisher: Routledge
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 4792
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Book Description: Examining the morphosyntax of dialetics comprising Italy, Corsica and the Italian and Romantic-speaking areas of Switzerland, this original and innovative analysis presents previously unknown or understudied data from a variety of Romance dialects.


The Syntax Of Native American Languages

The Syntax of Native American Languages PDF
Author: Eung-Do Cook
Publisher: BRILL
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 344
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Book Description:


The Nature Of Syntactic Representation

The Nature of Syntactic Representation PDF
Author: Pauline Jacobson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 495
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Book Description: The work collected in this book represents the results of some intensive recent work on the syntax of natural languages. The authors' differing viewpoints have in common the program of revising current conceptions of syntactic representation so that the role of transformational derivations is reduced or eliminated. The fact that the papers cross-refer to each other a good deal, and that authors assuming quite different fram{:works are aware of each other's results and address themselves to shared problems, is partly the result of a conference on the nature of syntactic representation that was held at Brown University in May 1979 with the express purpose of bringing together different lines of research in syntax. The papers in this volume mostly arise out of work that was presented in preliminary form at that conference, though much rewriting and further research has been done in the interim period. Two papers are included because although they were not given even in preliminary form at the conference, it has become clear since then that they interrelate with the work of the conference so much that they cannot reasonably be left out: Gerald Gazdar's statement of his program for phrase structure description of natural language forms the theoretical basis that is assumed by Maling and Zaenen and by Sag, and David Dowty's paper represents a bridge between the relational grammar exemplified here in the papers by Perlmutter and Postal on the one hand and the Montague


Studies In Relational Grammar 3

Studies in Relational Grammar 3 PDF
Author: David M. Perlmutter
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 414
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Book Description: Vol. 2 coed. by Carol G. Rosen ; Vol. 3 ed. by Paul M. Postal and Brian D. Joseph.


Topics In French Syntax

Topics in French Syntax PDF
Author: Geraldine Legendre
Publisher: Routledge
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 341
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Book Description: The main goal of this study, first published in 1994, is to present a substantial part of the grammar of French. This goal is achieved by bringing together two aspects of syntactic investigation. First, the study focuses on a vast range of French clausal phenomena, including Object Raising constructions, Causative constructions of various types, Impersonal constructions, amongst many others. Second, the investigation is conducted within the framework of Relational Grammar. This title will be of interest to students of language and linguistics.


Encyclopedia Of Linguistics

Encyclopedia of Linguistics PDF
Author: Philipp Strazny
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 1304
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Book Description: Utilizing a historical and international approach, this valuable two-volume resource makes even the more complex linguistic issues understandable for the non-specialized reader. Containing over 500 alphabetically arranged entries and an expansive glossary by a team of international scholars, the Encyclopedia of Linguistics explores the varied perspectives, figures, and methodologies that make up the field.


Clitics

Clitics PDF
Author: Joel A. Nevis
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 314
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Book Description: This bibliography provides an alphabetical listing of over 1500 articles, books, and dissertations that treat in some way the topic of clitics and related matters, e.g. affixes, words, word order, movement, sandhi, etc. The beginning point for the bibliographic entries is 1892, taking Jacob Wackernagel's classic work as the point of departure, and the entries cover the subsequent 100-year period. Each entury is accompanied by a series of descriptors which give an indication of the content of the item. Nearly one-third of the book is a detailed analytic index, based on the descriptors, which can aid in topical searches for relevant material. Prefatory matter includes an essay “What is a Clitic?” by Arnold M. Zwicky, a brief consideration of Wackernagel's scholarly career by Brian D. Joseph, and information on the format and use of the book itself.


Datives And Other Cases

Datives and Other Cases PDF
Author: Daniel P. Hole
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 396
View: 2775
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Book Description: This volume provides a state-of-the-art account of research into datives and other morphological cases. The contributors, among them leading scholars in the field, present fresh insights into traditional issues such as the dichotomy between lexical and structural case, and open up fascinating new areas of research. A recurrent feature of the majority of contributions is their combined syntax-semantics perspective. Germanic varieties, Serbian, Albanian and other Balkan languages alongside Chinese, Japanese, Tagalog are discussed from various theoretical angles such as mainstream generativism, lexical-functional grammar, and functional typology. Despite the broad range of facts spanning the distance between acquisition data and dialectology, the papers are connected by a renewed interest in form-function correspondencies. This volume will be welcomed by theoretical linguists and typologists with an interest in argument and event structure, linguists studying the case systems of individual languages and researchers in search for up-to-date discussion of Germanic datives.


Studies Of Passive Clauses

Studies of Passive Clauses PDF
Author: Paul Martin Postal
Publisher: SUNY Press
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 290
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Book Description: In this work, Paul M. Postal supports the universalist theory of language by examining passive clauses. Contrary to a skeptical tradition, Postal argues that passive clauses are cross-linguistically identifiable and characterizable. This study proposes refinements of the analysis of the natural language grammatical category Passive Clause. These refinements include an account of the notion 'dummy nominal,' central to the analysis of impersonal passive clauses; additions permitting a proper typology of the major known subtypes of Passive Clause; a generalization permitting application to clauses whose subjects are not earlier level direct objects; and, construction of precise rule concepts to represent restrictions on passive clauses. The passive domain supports the universalist approach in three distinguishable ways: (1) by permitting formulation of otherwise apparently unstatable lawful characteristics of all passive structures; (2) by facilitating statement of language-specific passive constraints holding in diverse languages; and, (3) by allowing uniform statement in grammars of recurrent constraints on passives. Each mode of support is applied to actual cases based on material from more than a dozen languages from English and French to Quiche (Mayan) and Chi-Mwi:ni (Bantu).


Studies In Relational Grammar 2

Studies in Relational Grammar 2 PDF
Author: David M. Perlmutter
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Format: PDF
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 428
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Book Description: Vol. 2 coed. by Carol G. Rosen ; Vol. 3 ed. by Paul M. Postal and Brian D. Joseph.


Masked Inversion In French

Masked Inversion in French PDF
Author: Paul M. Postal
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 180
View: 520
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Book Description: In this important work of linguistic analysis, Paul M. Postal addresses a paradigm anomaly in French that has hitherto resisted explanation. A general restriction limiting the form of direct objects in complex infinitival constructions with main verbs like faire fails to hold with certain subordinate verbs, especially connaître. Marshaling extensive evidence, Postal argues that this apparent irregularity is a symptom of a deeper regularity. Rather than being an ordinary transitive complement, the subordinate clause in these cases is actually an Inversion structure, one in which the logical subject demotes to indirect object. However, since this demotion induces no word order change or other direct morphological consequences, the inversion is "masked," and revealed only by several types of apparent anomalies. This analysis has significant consequences for contemporary syntactic theories. First, the arguments support the view that a sentence's superficial structure cannot be identified with its syntactic structure, even though such an identification is a fundamental assumption of several currently influential grammatical frameworks. Second, even certain theories that do posit abstract aspects of grammatical form fail to allow for the needed Inversion structures. Postal's study supports theories based on the notion of arc and stratification into levels which provide a natural treatment consistent with the factual requirements. Masked Inversion in French is the first systematic account of this puzzling French syntactic anomaly, and its findings will stimulate research in many areas of natural language grammatical structure.


Balkan Syntax And Semantics

Balkan Syntax and Semantics PDF
Author: Olga Mišeska Tomi?
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 522
View: 737
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Book Description: The book deals with some syntactic and semantic aspects of the shared Balkan Sprachbund properties. In a comprehensive introductory chapter, Tomic offers an overview of the Balkan Sprachbund properties. Sobolev, displaying the areal distribution of 65 properties, argues for dialect cartography. Friedman, on the example of the evidentials, argues for typologically informed areal explanation of the Balkan properties. The other contributions analyze specific phenomena: polidefinite DPs in Greek and Aromanian (Campos and Stavrou), Balkan constructions in which datives combine with impersonal clitics or non-active morphology (Rivero), Balkan optatives (Ammann and Auwera), imperative force in the Balkan languages (Isac and Jakab), clitic placement in Greek imperatives (Boškovic), focused constituents in Romanian and Bulgarian (Hill), synthetic and analytic tenses in Romanian (D'Hulst, Coene and Avram), "purpose-like" modification in a number of Balkan languages (Bužarovska), Balkan modal existential “wh”-constructions (Grosu), child and adult strategies in interpreting empty subjects in Serbian/Croatian (Stojanovic and Marelj), conditional sentences in Judeo-Spanish (Montoliu and Auwera).


Empirical Issues In Formal Syntax And Semantics 4

Empirical Issues in Formal Syntax and Semantics 4 PDF
Author: Claire Beyssade
Publisher: Presses Paris Sorbonne
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Grammar, Comparative and general
Languages : en
Pages : 358
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Book Description:


Choctaw Verb Agreement And Universal Grammar

Choctaw Verb Agreement and Universal Grammar PDF
Author: William D. Davies
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 202
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Book Description: The Choctaw language, indigenous to the southeastern United States, now with its greatest concentrations ofspeakers in Missis sippi, Oklahoma, and Los Angeles, has in the main escaped the scrutinyoftheoreticallinguistics. ItisnotthatChoctaw isanintrin sicallyuninterestinglanguage- aquickglanceataclausewithfive agreement controllers and a mismatch between the caseofafree standingnominaland its agreement affix should dispelthat notion. Rather it is, I think, the question of what we can learn from a languageinwhichNPsdon'tmovearound, "WHs"don'tfront, and gaps simply arise from pronominalization. My hope is that the presentvolume, takentogetherwithagrowingliteraturespurredon by the workofPamMunro and her students atUCLA, will bring Choctawintothelightofdayand into the circleoflanguagescon sidered when constructing theories that define "possible human language". Thepresentstudy, arevisionofmy 1981dissertation(University ofCalifornia, SanDiego), focusesfirstandforemostontheChoctaw agreementsystem, takingthisasthekeytothestructureofChoctaw syntax. The immediate goal, then, is to provide a unified account ofthestructures and rules underlyingtheagreement system. Along the way a rangeofgrammatical phenomena is examined, taken as evidence for particular structural configurations, and incorporated into awell-integratedaccountofmorphologicaland syntacticfacts. The resultsbearon anumber ofcurrent issues, includingthe Un accusative Hypothesis, the existence of demotions, the nature of antipassive, disjunctive rule application, universals of causative constructions, and others. For these reasons Choctawdeserves the scrutinyoftheoreticians. The data forming the corpus for analysis represent a variety of Oklahoma Choctaw. They were collected from a nativespeaker in San Diego between 1978 and 1982 and from various speakers in Oklahoma during two extended visits to Broken Bow in 1980. I lX PREFACE x wishtothankthespeakerswhohelpedmebysharingtheirlanguage andencouragingmystudies. MyworkonChoctawwassupportedin partbyfundsfrom theNationalScienceFoundation(throughgrant numberBNS78-17498totheUniversityofCalifornia, SanDiego), theAmericanPhilosophicalSociety(throughaPhillipsFundgrant), andtheDepartmentofLinguisticsatUCSD.


Perspectives On Functional Grammar

Perspectives on Functional Grammar PDF
Author: Teun Hoekstra
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 364
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Book Description: No detailed description available for "Perspectives on Functional Grammar".


Time And Again

Time and Again PDF
Author: William D. Lewis
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 6163
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Book Description: This volume is a collection of papers that highlights some recurring themes that have surfaced in the generative tradition in linguistics over the past 40 years. The volume is more than a historical take on a theoretical tradition; rather, it is also a "compass" pointing to exciting new empirical directions inspired by generative theory. In fact, the papers show a progression from core theoretical concerns to data-driven experimental investigation and can be divided roughly into two categories: those that follow a syntactic and theoretical course, and those that follow an experimental or applied path. Many of the papers revisit long-standing or recurring themes in the generative tradition, some of which seek experimental validation or refutation. The merger of theoretical and experimental concerns makes this volume stand out, but it is also forward looking in that it addresses the recent concerns of the creation and consumption of data across the discipline.


Introduction To Typology

Introduction to Typology PDF
Author: Lindsay J. Whaley
Publisher: SAGE
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 356
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Book Description: Ideal in introductory courses dealing with grammatical structure and linguistic analysis, Introduction to Typology overviews the major grammatical categories and constructions in the world's languages. Framed in a typological perspective, the constant concern of this primary text is to underscore the similarities and differences which underlie the vast array of human languages.


The Impact Of Pronominal Form On Interpretation

The Impact of Pronominal Form on Interpretation PDF
Author: Patrick Grosz
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 400
View: 4408
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Book Description: The interplay between the interpretation of pronouns (e.g. bound/referential) and their form (e.g. null/overt) is still ill-understood. This volume has a cross-linguistic orientation with in-depth investigations of more than 10 different languages. It unites researchers from the linguistic subfields of syntax, semantics, and psycholinguistics, thus furthering dialogue with the goal of shedding new light on the form/interpretation connection.