The Invention Of Disaster

The Invention of Disaster PDF
Author: JC Gaillard
Publisher: Routledge
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 302
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Book Description: This theoretical contribution argues that the domination of Western knowledge in disaster scholarship has allowed normative policies and practices of disaster risk reduction to be imposed all over the world. It takes a postcolonial approach to unpack why scholars claim that disasters are social constructs while offering little but theories, concepts and methods supposed to be universal in understanding the unique and diverse experiences of millions of people across very different cultures. It further challenges forms of governments inherited from the Enlightenment that have been rolled out as standard and ultimate solutions to reduce the risk of disaster. Ultimately, the book encourages the emergence of a more diverse set of world views/senses and ways of knowing for both studying disasters and informing policy and practice of disaster risk reduction. Such pluralism is essential to better reflect local realities of what disasters actually are around the world. This book is an essential read for scholars and postgraduate students interested in disaster studies as well as policy-makers and practitioners of disaster risk reduction.


Marginality And Disaster

Marginality and Disaster PDF
Author: J. C. Gaillard
Publisher: Routledge
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Disaster relief
Languages : en
Pages : 252
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Book Description: Disasters primarily hit places which, at different scales, are marginalised in everyday life, such as prisons, slums and peripheral cities. In addition, those affected are often from marginalised segments of society, such as the poor, children, elderly, people with disabilities. Many disasters are unacknowledged by those with more wealth and power, leading to many events to be neglected and marginalised by policy makers and practitioners of disaster risk reduction. This book offers an integrated overview of these issues and provides a conceptual framing of the multiple, tangled and complex interactions between marginality and disaster. It explores marginal places through case studies of slum settlements and prisons, and marginalised social groups, including gender minorities and homeless people. It also discusses why and how some events are neglected and marginalised by stakeholders of disaster risk reduction. The book offers an integrated and inclusive framework for taking back marginal places, marginal people and marginal events at the core of disaster risk reduction, and further provides examples of tools which could enable the implementation of such framework. This book thus focuses on places, people and events which are seldom addressed in the literature elsewhere, such as small-scale disasters, thus providing a unique overview of disasters and their effects. It analyses the root, structural and largely exogenous (to places and people affected) causes of marginality and disasters. The argument however moves beyond this sole bleak picture of vulnerability to also portrait resistance and hope through the concept of capacities, which emphasises that those marginalised and living in marginal places display knowledge, skills and resources in facing hazards and disasters, including small-scale events.


Disasters And History

Disasters and History PDF
Author: Bas van Bavel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 243
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Book Description: Disasters and History offers the first comprehensive historical overview of hazards and disasters. Drawing on a range of case studies, including the Black Death, the Lisbon earthquake of 1755 and the Fukushima disaster, the authors examine how societies dealt with shocks and hazards and their potentially disastrous outcomes. They reveal the ways in which the consequences and outcomes of these disasters varied widely not only between societies but also within the same societies according to social groups, ethnicity and gender. They also demonstrate how studying past disasters, including earthquakes, droughts, floods and epidemics, can provide a lens through which to understand the social, economic and political functioning of past societies and reveal features of a society which may otherwise remain hidden from view. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core.


Acts Of God

Acts of God PDF
Author: Theodore Steinberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 346
View: 696
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Book Description: This revised edition features a new chapter analyzing the failed response to Hurricane Katrina. Steinberg argues that it is wrong to see natural disasters as random outbursts of nature or expressions of divine judgment. He reveals how business and government decisions have paved the way for the greater losses of life and property.


The Volcano Disaster

The Volcano Disaster PDF
Author: Peg Kehret
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Juvenile Fiction
Languages : en
Pages : 148
View: 4855
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Book Description: A story about a boy who teleported back in time and faced a volcano eruption.


The History Of The San Francisco Disaster And Mount Vesuvius Horror

The History of the San Francisco Disaster and Mount Vesuvius Horror PDF
Author: Charles Eugene Banks
Publisher:
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Earthquakes
Languages : en
Pages : 480
View: 6461
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Book Description: A complete and authentic account of the terrible calamity that befell the city of the Golden Gate, stricken by earthquake and devasted by fire. Described and penned by eye-witnesses and those who worked to relieve the suffering. A vivid account of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius and other great historical catastrophes which have destroyed thousands of lives and laid whole countries in ruin.


Disaster Capitalism

Disaster Capitalism PDF
Author: Antony Loewenstein
Publisher: Verso Books
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 435
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Book Description: Disaster has become big business. Best-selling journalist Antony Loewenstein travels across Afghanistan, Pakistan, Haiti, Papua New Guinea, the United States, Britain, Greece, and Australia to witness the reality of disaster capitalism. He discovers how companies cash in on organized misery in a hidden world of privatized detention centers, militarized private security, aid profiteering, and destructive mining. What emerges through Loewenstein's reporting is a dark history of multinational corporations that, with the aid of media and political elites, have grown more powerful than national governments. In the twenty-first century, the vulnerable have become the world's most valuable commodity.


Critical Disaster Studies

Critical Disaster Studies PDF
Author: Jacob A.C. Remes
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 283
View: 7755
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Book Description: This book announces the new, interdisciplinary field of critical disaster studies. Unlike most existing approaches to disaster, critical disaster studies begins with the idea that disasters are not objective facts, but rather are interpretive fictions—and they shape the way people see the world. By questioning the concept of disaster itself, critical disaster studies reveals the stakes of defining people or places as vulnerable, resilient, or at risk. As social constructs, disaster, vulnerability, resilience, and risk shape and are shaped by contests over power. Managers and technocrats often herald the goals of disaster response and recovery as objective, quantifiable, or self-evident. In reality, the goals are subjective, and usually contested. Critical disaster studies attends to the ways powerful people often use claims of technocratic expertise to maintain power. Moreover, rather than existing as isolated events, disasters take place over time. People commonly imagine disasters to be unexpected and sudden, making structural conditions appear contingent, widespread conditions appear local, and chronic conditions appear acute. By placing disasters in broader contexts, critical disaster studies peels away that veneer. With chapters by scholars of five continents and seven disciplines, Critical Disaster Studies asks how disasters come to be known as disasters, how disasters are used as tools of governance and politics, and how people imagine and anticipate disasters. The volume will be of interest to scholars of disaster in any discipline and especially to those teaching the growing number of courses on disaster studies.


Disaster

Disaster  PDF
Author: John Withington
Publisher: Skyhorse
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 478
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Book Description: Tune into the news today, and one would think that human beings were at risk of being wiped from the face of the earth—by tsunamis, earthquakes, swine flu, or terrorism. One could be forgiven for thinking that we are in far more danger today than ever before. The fact of the matter is that danger has always stalked mankind. From ancient volcanoes and floods to the cholera and small pox, to Hitler and Stalin's genocidal murders during the twentieth century, our continued existence has always seemed perilous. Now, out of our horror comes an entertaining and epic journal through the history of disaster. Disaster! offers perspective on today's fears by revealing how dangerous our world has always been. Natural disasters and man-made catastrophes mark every era. Here is the Black Death that killed seventy-five million in Europe and Asia during the 1300s; the 1883 volcanic eruption on Krakatoa; the Irish potato famine of the mid-nineteenth century; the Nazi Holocaust; the 1970 storm in Bangladesh, now considered the deadliest in history; and more. Train crashes, air disasters, and shipwrecks litter human history. Sure to scare, inform, and entertain, Disaster! is a book of serious history that is as much fun as any horror film.


A History Of Civilization In 50 Disasters History In 50

A History of Civilization in 50 Disasters  History in 50  PDF
Author: Gale Eaton
Publisher: Tilbury House Publishers and Cadent Publishing
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Young Adult Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 240
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Book Description: *2016 IBPA Benjamin Franklin Silver Award Winner* The earth shakes and cracks open. Volcanoes erupt. Continents freeze, bake, and flood. Droughts parch the land. Wildfires and hundred-year storms consume anything in their paths. Invisible clouds of disease and pestilence probe for victims. Tidal waves sweep ashore from the vast sea. The natural world is a dangerous place, but one species has evolved a unique defense against the hazards: civilization. Civilization rearranges nature for human convenience. Clothes and houses keep us warm; agriculture feeds us; medicine fights our diseases. It all works—most of the time. But key resources lie in the most hazardous places, so we choose to live on river flood plains, on the slopes of volcanoes, at the edge of the sea, above seismic faults. We pack ourselves into cities, Petri dishes for germs. Civilization thrives on the edge of disaster. And what happens when natural forces meet molasses holding tanks, insecticides, deepwater oil rigs, nuclear power plants? We learn the hard way how to avoid the last disaster—and maybe how to create the next one. What we don’t know can, indeed, hurt us. This book’s white-knuckled journey from antiquity to the present leads us to wonder at times how humankind has survived. And yet, as Author Gale Eaton makes clear, civilization has advanced not just in spite of disasters but in part because of them. Hats off to human resilience, ingenuity, and perseverance! They’ve carried us this far; may they continue to do so into our ever-hazardous future. The History in 50 series explores history by telling thematically linked stories. Each book includes 50 illustrated narrative accounts of people and events—some well-known, others often overlooked—that, together, build a rich connect the-dots mosaic and challenge conventional assumptions about how history unfolds. Dedicated to the premise that history is the greatest story ever told. Includes a mix of “greatest hits” with quirky, surprising, provocative accounts. Challenges readers to think and engage. Includes a glossary of technical terms; sources by chapter; teaching resources as jumping-off points for student research; and endnotes. Fountas & Pinnell Level Z+


Ecology Of Fear

Ecology of Fear PDF
Author: Mike Davis
Publisher:
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Cities and towns
Languages : en
Pages : 484
View: 1321
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Book Description:


Disaster Epidemiology

Disaster Epidemiology PDF
Author: Jennifer A. Horney
Publisher: Academic Press
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 212
View: 2917
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Book Description: Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications applies the core methods of epidemiological research and practice to the assessment of the short- and long-term health effects of disasters. The persistent movement of people and economic development to regions vulnerable to natural disasters, as well as new vulnerabilities related to environmental, technological, and terrorism incidents, means that in spite of large global efforts to reduce the impacts and costs of disasters, average annual expenditures to fund rebuilding from catastrophic losses is rising faster than either population or the gross world product. Improving the resilience of individuals and communities to these natural and technological disasters, climate change, and other natural and manmade stressors is one of the grand challenges of the 21st century. This book provides a guide to disaster epidemiology methods, supported with applications from practice. It helps researchers, public health practitioners, and governmental policy makers to better quantify the impacts of disaster on the health of individuals and communities to enhance resilience to future disasters. Disaster Epidemiology: Methods and Applications explains how public health surveillance, rapid assessments, and other epidemiologic studies can be conducted in the post-disaster setting to prevent injury, illness, or death; provide accurate and timely information for decisions makers; and improve prevention and mitigation strategies for future disasters. These methods can also be applied to the study of other types of public health emergencies, such as infectious outbreaks, emerging and re-emerging diseases, and refugee health. This book gives both the public health practitioner and researcher the tools they need to conduct epidemiological studies in a disaster setting and can be used as a reference or as part of a course. Provides a holistic perspective to epidemiology with an integration of academic and practical approaches Showcases the use of hands-on techniques and principles to solve real-world problems Includes contributions from both established and emerging scholars in the field of disaster epidemiology


Historical Disaster Experiences

Historical Disaster Experiences PDF
Author: Gerrit Jasper Schenk
Publisher: Springer
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 436
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Book Description: Historical disaster research is still a young field. This book discusses the experiences of natural disasters in different cultures, from Europe across the Near East to Asia. It focuses on the pre-industrial era and on the question of similarities, differences and transcultural dynamics in the cultural handling of natural disasters. Which long-lasting cultural patterns of perception, interpretation and handling of disasters can be determined? Have specific types of disasters changed the affected societies? What have people learned from disasters and what not? What adaptation and coping strategies existed? Which natural, societal and economic parameters play a part? The book not only reveals the historical depth of present practices, but also reveals possible comparisons that show globalization processes, entanglements and exchanges of ideas and practices in pre-modern times.


Economic And Natural Disasters Since 1900

Economic and Natural Disasters since 1900 PDF
Author: John Singleton
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 2531
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Book Description: A crisis is a period of uncertainty that may or may not lead to disaster, depending in part on the capacity of actors to make sense of what is happening and respond effectively. Disasters in different spheres occur and recur at different speeds and in idiosyncratic ways, but in essence they follow the same pattern. In the wake of the Global Financial Crisis and Eurozone upheavals this timely book argues that the disaster cycle – a framework normally used in the context of natural disasters – is equally applicable to the analysis of other types of catastrophe. Employing a modified version of the disaster cycle framework to compare and analyse a range of catastrophes in different spheres, the author draws on ideas from a variety of disciplines including economics and economic history, disaster studies, management, and political science. This unique comparative approach presents case studies of several important disasters: Hurricane Katrina, the First World War, the depression of the early 1930s, Welsh coal mining accidents, the deadly effects of smoking tobacco, and the Global Financial Crisis and Eurozone catastrophe of the early twenty first century. The author argues that economists and economic policy makers routinely misuse the term crisis to describe episodes that ought to be called disasters. This accessible and fascinating exploration will appeal to students and scholars in economic history, disaster studies, management, public policy, and related disciplines. The comparison of crisis and disaster management is also essential reading for policy makers.


Why Vulnerability Still Matters

Why Vulnerability Still Matters PDF
Author: Taylor & Francis Group
Publisher: Routledge
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 272
View: 6561
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Book Description: We think vulnerability still matters when considering how people are put at risk from hazards and this book shows why in a series of thematic chapters and case studies written by eminent disaster studies scholars that deal with the politics of disaster risk creation: precarity, conflict, and climate change. The chapters in this book highlight different aspects of vulnerability and disaster risk creation, placing the stress rightly on what causes disasters and explaining the politics of how they are created through a combination of human interference with natural processes, the social production of vulnerability, and the neglect of response capacities. Importantly, too, the book provides a platform for many of those most prominently involved in launching disaster studies as a social discipline to reflect on developments over the past 50 years and to comment on current trends. The interdisciplinary and historical perspective that this book provides will appeal to scholars and practitioners at both the national and international level seeking to study, develop, and support effective social protection strategies to prevent or mitigate the effects of hazards on vulnerable populations. It will also prove an invaluable reference work for students and all those interested in the future safety of the world we live in.


The End Is Nigh

The End is Nigh PDF
Author: Henrik Svensen
Publisher: Reaktion Books
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 224
View: 1502
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Book Description: The Lisbon Earthquake of 1755. The South Asian Tsunami of 2004. The San Francisco Earthquake of 1906. Hurricane Katrina in 2005. All of these are natural disasters that not only caused massive devastation but actually changed the course of history, and have influenced our reactions to and perspectives on disasters ever since. Spanning two millennia, The End is Nigh provides a detailed history of natural disasters around the world and how they have shaped our cultural beliefs and our practical planning. Henrik Svensen draws from many eyewitness accounts to reveal the personal stories of the victims of natural disasters. Through them, we are reminded that while the disasters are natural phenomena, victims often react in similar ways seeking to explain the disaster within the context of an omen or a divine warning. A geologist, Svensen also explores the science behind the occurrence of specific disasters, and he examines whether climate change is creating an environment where natural disasters are more frequent and more deadly. The End is Nigh is as instructive as it is insightful and will appeal to fans of history and science, as well as policy makers and all those seeking to better prepare for future calamities. “The End is Nigh is a great example of storytelling across scientific disciplines, and in gripping prose it spans geology, geography and history, anthropology, sociology, and the history of religion.”—Apollon


The Weather Disaster

The Weather Disaster PDF
Author: Matthew McElligott
Publisher: Crown Books For Young Readers
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 41
View: 239
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Book Description: Dr. Cosmic s class of clever monsters must face down snow, floods, and a dangerous thunderstorm as freak weather conditions threaten the school.


The Culture Of Calamity

The Culture of Calamity PDF
Author: Kevin Rozario
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 324
View: 4452
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Book Description: Turn on the news and it looks as if we live in a time and place unusually consumed by the specter of disaster. The events of 9/11 and the promise of future attacks, Hurricane Katrina and the destruction of New Orleans, and the inevitable consequences of environmental devastation all contribute to an atmosphere of imminent doom. But reading an account of the San Francisco earthquake of 1906, with its vivid evocation of buildings “crumbling as one might crush a biscuit,” we see that calamities—whether natural or man-made—have long had an impact on the American consciousness. Uncovering the history of Americans’ responses to disaster from their colonial past up to the present, Kevin Rozario reveals the vital role that calamity—and our abiding fascination with it—has played in the development of this nation. Beginning with the Puritan view of disaster as God’s instrument of correction, Rozario explores how catastrophic events frequently inspired positive reactions. He argues that they have shaped American life by providing an opportunity to take stock of our values and social institutions. Destruction leads naturally to rebuilding, and here we learn that disasters have been a boon to capitalism, and, paradoxically, indispensable to the construction of dominant American ideas of progress. As Rozario turns to the present, he finds that the impulse to respond creatively to disasters is mitigated by a mania for security. Terror alerts and duct tape represent the cynical politician’s attitude about 9/11, but Rozario focuses on how the attacks registered in the popular imagination—how responses to genuine calamity were mediated by the hyperreal thrills of movies; how apocalyptic literature, like the best-selling Left Behind series, recycles Puritan religious outlooks while adopting Hollywood’s style; and how the convergence of these two ways of imagining disaster points to a new postmodern culture of calamity. The Culture of Calamity will stand as the definitive diagnosis of the peculiarly American addiction to the spectacle of destruction.


Methods For Disaster Mental Health Research

Methods for Disaster Mental Health Research PDF
Author: Fran H. Norris
Publisher: Guilford Press
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 353
View: 3230
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Book Description: The editors have done a marvelous job of creating an instructive and well-written book that is a must read for anyone who conducts disaster-related mental health research or who is involved in recovery planning and public health practice. For students, professionals, researchers, and policymakers, the book provides a solid foundation in research methods and includes wonderful explanations. I wholeheartedly recommend this book as a standard text for disaster research. It supplies the framework for good data collection, and good data are what support sound policy decisions."--CDR Dori B. Reissman, MD, MPH, U.S. Public Health Service and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention This authoritative book will be of interest to anyone involved in studying the mental health consequences of large-scale traumatic events or in measuring the effectiveness of postdisaster interventions. The book considers disasters from different perspectives and translates their chaotic aftermath into feasible research ideas and approaches. Contributing authors, all experienced researchers and practitioners, present a wide range of methods and strategies used in epidemiology, program evaluation, and public mental health planning in the aftermath of natural or technological disasters and terrorism. Descriptions of exemplary studies bring to life the associated logistical and scientific challenges and show how these challenges can be addressed using high-quality research designs.


Natural Disasters Cultural Responses

Natural Disasters  Cultural Responses PDF
Author: Christof Mauch
Publisher: Lexington Books
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Nature
Languages : en
Pages : 395
View: 7277
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Book Description: Catastrophes, it seems, are becoming more frequent in the twenty-first century. According to UN statistics, every year approximately two hundred million people are directly affected by natural disasters_seven times the number of people who are affected by war. Discussions about global warming and fatal disasters such as Katrina and the Tsunami of 2004 have heightened our awareness of natural disasters and of their impact on both local and global communities. Hollywood has also produced numerous disaster movies in recent years, some of which have become blockbusters. This volume demonstrates that natural catastrophes_earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, etc._have exercised a vast impact on humans throughout history and in almost every part of the world. It argues that human attitudes toward catastrophes have changed over time. Surprisingly, this has not necessarily led to a reduction of exposure or risk. The organization of the book resembles a journey around the globe_from Europe to North Africa, the Middle East, and Asia, and from the Pacific through South America and Mexico to the United States. While natural disasters appear everywhere on the globe, different cultures, societies, and nations have adopted specific styles for coping with disaster. Indeed, how humans deal with catastrophes depends largely on social and cultural patterns, values, religious belief systems, political institutions, and economic structures. The roles that catastrophes play in society and the meanings they are given vary from one region to the next; they differ_and this is one of the principal arguments of this book_from one cultural, political, and geographic space to the next. The essays collected here help us to understand not only how people in different times throughout history have learned to cope with disaster but also how humans in different parts of the world have developed specific cultural, social, and technological strategies for doing so.