The Inka Road System

The Inka Road System PDF
Author: John Hyslop
Publisher:
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 416
View: 7086
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Book Description:


The Great Inka Road

The Great Inka Road PDF
Author: Ramiro Matos Mendieta
Publisher: Smithsonian Institution
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 233
View: 6189
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Book Description: This compelling collection of essays explores the Qhapaq nan (or Great Inca Road), an extensive network of trails reaching modern-day Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. These roads and the accompanying agricultural terraces and structures that have survived for more than six centuries are a testament to the advanced engineering and construction skills of the Inca people. The Qhapaq nan also spurred an important process of ecological and community integration across the Andean region. This book, the companion volume to a National Museum of the American Indian exhibition of the same name, features essays on six main themes: the ancestors of the Inca, Cusco as the center of the empire, road engineering, road transportation and integration, the road in the Colonial era, and the road today. Beautifully designed and featuring more than 225 full-color illustrations, The Great Inka Road is a fascinating look at this enduring symbol of the Andean peoples' strength and adaptability.


The Incas

The Incas PDF
Author: Terence N. D'Altroy
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 578
View: 1928
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Book Description: The Incas is a captivating exploration of one of the greatest civilizations ever seen. Seamlessly drawing on history, archaeology, and ethnography, this thoroughly updated new edition integrates advances made in hundreds of new studies conducted over the last decade. • Written by one of the world’s leading experts on Inca civilization • Covers Inca history, politics, economy, ideology, society, and military organization • Explores advances in research that include pre-imperial Inca society; the royal capital of Cuzco; the sacred landscape; royal estates; Machu Picchu; provincial relations; the khipu information-recording technology; languages, time frames, gender relations, effects on human biology, and daily life • Explicitly examines how the Inca world view and philosophy affected the character of the empire • Illustrated with over 90 maps, figures, and photographs


Qhapaq An Andean Road System

Qhapaq   an  Andean Road System PDF
Author: UNESCO
Publisher: UNESCO Publishing
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 212
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Run Little Chaski

Run  Little Chaski  PDF
Author: Mariana Llanos
Publisher: Barefoot Books
Format: PDF
Category : Juvenile Fiction
Languages : en
Pages : 38
View: 154
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Book Description: In this tale set in the ancient Inka (sometimes spelled Inca) empire, Little Chaski has a big job: he is the Inka King’s newest royal messenger. On his first day delivering messages he stops to help several creatures in need along the way, causing him to nearly miss his sunset deadline. But the kindness he bestowed on these animals winds up helping him in surprising ways. Descriptive language and bold illustrations give readers insight into Little Chaski’s nervousness and excitement as he runs the Inka Trail, working earnestly to fulfill the responsibilities of his new role.


Inka Settlement Planning

Inka Settlement Planning PDF
Author: John Hyslop
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Format: PDF
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 623
View: 973
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Book Description: Before the Spanish conquest in the sixteenth century A.D., the Inka Empire stretched along the Pacific side of South America, all the way from Ecuador to northwest Argentina. Though today many Inka researchers focus on the imperial capital of Cuzco, Peru, and surrounding areas, ruins of Inka settlements abound throughout the vast territory of the former empire and offer many clues about how the empire was organized, managed, and defended. These outlying settlements, as well as those in the Cuzco area, form the basis for John Hyslop's detailed study Inka Settlement Planning. Using extensive aerial photography and detailed site maps, Hyslop studies the design of several dozen settlements spread throughout the empire. In addition to describing their architecture and physical infrastructure, he gives special emphasis to the symbolic aspects of each site's design. Hyslop speculates that the settlement plans incorporate much iconography expressive of Inka ideas about the state, the cosmos, and relationships to non-Inka peoples—iconography perhaps only partially related to the activities that took place within the sites. And he argues that Inka planning concepts applied not only to buildings but also to natural features (stone outcrops, water sources, and horizons) and specialized landscaping (terracing). Of interest to a wide readership in archaeology, architecture, urbanization, empire building, and Andean travel, Inka Settlement Planning charts one of Native America's greatest achievements.


The Inca

The Inca PDF
Author: Kevin Lane
Publisher: Reaktion Books
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 208
View: 298
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Book Description: From their mythical origins to astonishing feats of engineering, an expertly informed reassessment of one of the great empires of the Americas: the Inca. In their heyday, the Inca ruled over the largest land empire in the Americas, reaching the pinnacle of South American civilization. Known as the “Romans of the Americas,” these fabulous engineers converted the vertiginous, challenging landscapes of the Andes into a fertile region able to feed millions, alongside building royal estates such as Machu Picchu and a 40,000-kilometer-long road network crisscrossed by elegant braided-rope suspension bridges. Beautifully illustrated, this book examines the mythical origins and history of the Inca, including their economy, society, technology, and beliefs. Kevin Lane reconsiders previous theories while proposing new interpretations concerning the timeline of Inca expansion, their political organization, and the role of women in their society while showcasing how their legacy endures today.


Art And Vision In The Inca Empire

Art and Vision in the Inca Empire PDF
Author: Adam Herring
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 263
View: 2524
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Book Description: In 1500 CE, the Inca empire covered most of South America's Andean region. The empire's leaders first met Europeans on November 15, 1532, when a large Inca army confronted Francisco Pizarro's band of adventurers in the highland Andean valley of Cajamarca, Peru. At few other times in its history would the Inca royal leadership so aggressively showcase its moral authority and political power. Glittering and truculent, what Europeans witnessed at Inca Cajamarca compels revised understandings of pre-contact Inca visual art, spatial practice, and bodily expression. This book takes a fresh look at the encounter at Cajamarca, using the episode to offer a new, art-historical interpretation of pre-contact Inca culture and power. Adam Herring's study offers close readings of Inca and Andean art in a variety of media: architecture and landscape, geoglyphs, sculpture, textiles, ceramics, featherwork and metalwork. The volume is richly illustrated with over sixty color images.


The Cambridge History Of War Volume 2 War And The Medieval World

The Cambridge History of War  Volume 2  War and the Medieval World PDF
Author: David A. Graff
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 854
View: 7035
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Book Description: Volume II of The Cambridge History of War covers what in Europe is commonly called 'the Middle Ages'. It includes all of the well-known themes of European warfare, from the migrations of the Germanic peoples and the Vikings through the Reconquista, the Crusades and the age of chivalry, to the development of state-controlled gunpowder-wielding armies and the urban militias of the later middle ages; yet its scope is world-wide, ranging across Eurasia and the Americas to trace the interregional connections formed by the great Arab conquests and the expansion of Islam, the migrations of horse nomads such as the Avars and the Turks, the formation of the vast Mongol Empire, and the spread of new technologies – including gunpowder and the earliest firearms – by land and sea.


Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu PDF
Author: Richard L. Burger
Publisher: Yale University Press
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 252
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Book Description: Details the status of contemporary research on Incan civilization, and addresses mysteries of the founding and abandonment of Machu Picchu, charting its archaeological history from 1911 to the present.


The Complete Illustrated History Of The Inca Empire

The Complete Illustrated History of the Inca Empire PDF
Author: David M. Jones
Publisher: Lorenz Books
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Incas
Languages : en
Pages : 0
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Book Description: An expert and vivid guide to the history of the Inca civilization, exploring the native peoples of Peru and the Andes, their mythologies and ancient belief systems, the detail of their everyday lives, and the beauty of their art and architecture. ,


Cusco

Cusco PDF
Author: Ian Farrington
Publisher: University Press of Florida
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 455
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Book Description: One person’s lifelong research pursuit is brought to fruition here, in the first major publication on the planning and archaeology of the Inka capital of Cusco. No other book to date has focused so extensively on the oldest existing city in the Americas, the “navel of the world” according to the Inka Empire, a fascinating and complex urban landscape that grew and evolved over 3,000 years of continuous human habitation.


Fodor S Peru

Fodor s Peru PDF
Author: Fodor's
Publisher: Fodor's Travel
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Travel
Languages : en
Pages : 970
View: 2584
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Book Description: For many travelers, this is the trip of a lifetime: Machu Picchu, the Sacred Valley of the Inca, and the Nazca lines are among the most-visited and awe-inspiring archaeological sites in the world. Fodor’s Peru ebook edition provides expert advice on everything from the best guides to the Inca Trail to how to experience native cultures on Lake Titicaca. Expanded Coverage: Focused coverage on Peru’s essential, must-see destinations includes new restaurants and hotels. Indispensable Trip Planning Tools: Features such as Top Attractions, Great Itineraries, packing advice, and frequently asked questions make planning simple. Extensive information on trusted tour operators allows travelers to book with confidence. Convenient overviews present each region and its highlights, and chapter planning sections have savvy advice for making the most of your time and getting around by car, bus, and train. Discerning Recommendations: Fodor’s Peru ebook edition offers savvy advice and recommendations from expert writers to help travelers make the most of their time. Fodor’s Choice designates our best picks, from hotels to nightlife. “Word of Mouth” quotes from fellow travelers provide valuable insights.


The Heritage Scape

The Heritage scape PDF
Author: Di Michael A. Giovine
Publisher: Lexington Books
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 542
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Book Description: This book explores how the mere designation of World Heritage sites can achieve UNESCO's goal of creating lasting worldwide peace. Drawing on ethnography, policy analysis, and a sophisticated fusion of anthropological theories, Di Giovine convincingly reveals the existence of a global heritage-scape and provides a detailed yet expansive look at the politics and processes, histories and structures, and the rituals and symbolisms of the interrelated phenomena of tourism, historic preservation, and UNESCO's World Heritage Convention.


Huarochiri

Huarochiri PDF
Author: Karen Spalding
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 384
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Book Description: This is the first attempt at synthesis of the varied data—ethnographic, historical, archaeological, and archival—on the impact of the Spanish conquest and Spanish rule on Indian society in Peru. Although the Huarochirí region is a source of most of the case histories and illustrative material, this is not a narrow regional study but a major work illuminating one of the two centers, along with Mexico, of settled Indian civilization and Spanish occupation in America. The author delineates the basic relationships upon which local Andean society was based, notably the kinship relations that, under the Incas, made possible the production of great surpluses and their efficient distribution in a region where markets were totally unknown. She then traces the impact of the Spanish colonial system upon Andean society, examining how the Indians responded to or resisted the political structures imposed upon them, and how they dealt with, were exploited by, or benefited from the Europeans who occupied their land and made it their own. This is the story of a social relationship—a relationship of inequality and oppression—that endured for centuries of Spanish rule, and inevitably led to the collapse of Andean society.


Memory Landscapes Of The Inka Carved Outcrops

Memory Landscapes of the Inka Carved Outcrops PDF
Author: Jessica Joyce Christie
Publisher: Lexington Books
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 318
View: 6956
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Book Description: Memory Landscapes of the Inka Carved Outcrops: From Past to Present presents a comprehensive analysis of the carved rocks the Inka created in the Andean highlands during the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. It provides an overview of Inka history, a detailed analysis of the techniques and styles of carving, and five comprehensive case studies. It opens in the Inka capital, Cusco, one of the two locations where the geometric style of Inka carving was authored by the ninth ruler Pachakuti Inka Yupanki. The following chapters move to the origin places on the Island of the Sun in Lake Titicaca and at Pumaurqu, southwest of Cusco, where the Inka constructed the emergence of the first members of their dynasty from sacred rock outcrops. The final case studies focus upon the royal estates of Machu Picchu and Chinchero. Machu Picchu is the second site where Pachakuti appears to have authored the geometric style. Chinchero was built by his son, Thupa Inka Yupanki, who adopted his father’s strategy of rock carving and associated political messages. The methodology used in this book reconstructs relational networks between the sculpted outcrops, the land and people and examines how such networks have changed over time. The primary focus documents the specific political context of Inka carved rocks expanded into the performance of a stone ideology, which set Inka stone cults decidedly apart from earlier and later agricultural as well as ritual uses of empowered stones. When the Inka state formed in the mid-fifteenth century, carved rocks were used to mark local territories in and around Cusco. In the process of imperial expansion, selected outcrops were sculpted in peripheral regions to map Inka presence and showcase the cultivated and ordered geography of the state.


The Cambridge World History

The Cambridge World History PDF
Author: Jerry H. Bentley
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 0
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Book Description: The era from 1400 to 1800 saw intense biological, commercial, and cultural exchanges, and the creation of global connections on an unprecedented scale. Divided into two books, Volume 6 of the Cambridge World History series considers these critical transformations. The first book examines the material and political foundations of the era, including global considerations of the environment, disease, technology, and cities, along with regional studies of empires in the eastern and western hemispheres, crossroads areas such as the Indian Ocean, Central Asia, and the Caribbean, and sites of competition and conflict, including Southeast Asia, Africa, and the Mediterranean. The second book focuses on patterns of change, examining the expansion of Christianity and Islam, migrations, warfare, and other topics on a global scale, and offering insightful detailed analyses of the Columbian exchange, slavery, silver, trade, entrepreneurs, Asian religions, legal encounters, plantation economies, early industrialism, and the writing of history.


Scale And The Incas

Scale and the Incas PDF
Author: Andrew James Hamilton
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Format: PDF
Category : Art
Languages : en
Pages : 298
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Book Description: A groundbreaking work on how the topic of scale provides an entirely new understanding of Inca material culture Although questions of form and style are fundamental to art history, the issue of scale has been surprisingly neglected. Yet, scale and scaled relationships are essential to the visual cultures of many societies from around the world, especially in the Andes. In Scale and the Incas, Andrew Hamilton presents a groundbreaking theoretical framework for analyzing scale, and then applies this approach to Inca art, architecture, and belief systems. The Incas were one of humanity's great civilizations, but their lack of a written language has prevented widespread appreciation of their sophisticated intellectual tradition. Expansive in scope, this book examines many famous works of Inca art including Machu Picchu and the Dumbarton Oaks tunic, more enigmatic artifacts like the Sayhuite Stone and Capacocha offerings, and a range of relatively unknown objects in diverse media including fiber, wood, feathers, stone, and metalwork. Ultimately, Hamilton demonstrates how the Incas used scale as an effective mode of expression in their vast multilingual and multiethnic empire. Lavishly illustrated with stunning color plates created by the author, the book's pages depict artifacts alongside scale markers and silhouettes of hands and bodies, allowing readers to gauge scale in multiple ways. The pioneering visual and theoretical arguments of Scale and the Incas not only rewrite understandings of Inca art, but also provide a benchmark for future studies of scale in art from other cultures.


Inca Architecture And Construction At Ollantaytambo

Inca Architecture and Construction at Ollantaytambo PDF
Author: Jean-Pierre Protzen
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Architecture
Languages : en
Pages : 316
View: 7208
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Book Description: This architectural study attempts to explain how the Incas, who did not have iron tools or a knowledge of the wheel, were able to mine and transport extremely heavy stone and rock, following which these materials were converted into remarkably large structures.


Early American Civilizations

Early American Civilizations PDF
Author: Catherine S. Whittington
Publisher:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 86
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Book Description: