Cytogenetics Of Crop Plants

Cytogenetics of Crop Plants PDF
Author: Monkombu Sambasivan Swaminathan
Publisher:
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Plant breeding
Languages : en
Pages : 608
View: 1596
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Practical Manual On Plant Cytogenetics

Practical Manual on Plant Cytogenetics PDF
Author: Ram J. Singh
Publisher: CRC Press
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 463
View: 2013
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Book Description: Earlier books on the handling of plant chromosomes have not included many of the innovations in cytological techniques for many important crops that have become available in recent years, including information on associating genes with chromosomes. The aim of this book is to compile all the plant cytogenetic techniques, previously published in earlier books, into a laboratory manual. The first part of the book describes standard cytological techniques that are routinely used by students. The second part covers methods used for specific crops for which common cytological methods do not work satisfactorily. The third part discusses cytogenetic techniques (cytology and genetics) for physically locating genes on specific chromosomes. This novel book will be highly useful to students, teachers, and researchers as it is a convenient and comprehensive reference for all plant cytogenetic techniques and protocols.


Cytogenetics In Plant Breeding

Cytogenetics in Plant Breeding PDF
Author: J. Sybenga
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 479
View: 5086
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Book Description: An introductory discussion of basic chromosome structure and function preceeds the main text on the application of cytogenetic approaches to the analysis of the manipulation of both the genetic make-up and the genetic transmission system of plant breeding material. Analysis using light and electron microscopy, segregations and molecular techniques, yields information for assessing the material before and after manipulation. Much attention is given to quantitative methods. Manipulation not only involves the construction of specific genotypes, but also chromosomal transmission systems. Although analysis and manipulation in the somatic cycle are considered, the focus is on the generative cycle, with emphasis on analysis and subsequent segregation of specifically constructed material. The book is intended for plant breeders and other scientists interested in the analysis and manipulation of breeding material at the chromosomal level. Comparisons with molecular and cell biological approaches are made, and the potential of the various methods is evaluated.


Plant Cytogenetics

Plant Cytogenetics PDF
Author: Ram J. Singh
Publisher: CRC Press
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 466
View: 1406
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Book Description: Plant cytogenetics has progressed at a rapid rate since the publication of the first edition. Plant Cytogenetics, Second Edition presents an up-to-date review of cytogenetics. It covers the latest in the various classical and modern techniques in the handling of chromosomes, karyotype analysis, genetics of meiosis, genomic relationships, and chromosome manipulation. It includes new chapters on extra chromosomal inheritance and the mode of reproduction in plants, paricularly apomixis, as well as new sections on the molecular basis of heredity, genomic in situ hybridization, and the classical and molecular methods of genome analysis. The author also elaborates on the cytogenetic basis of somaclonal variation generated through cell and tissue culture.


Plant Cytogenetics

Plant Cytogenetics PDF
Author: Hank Bass
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Format: PDF
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 350
View: 3243
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Book Description: This reference book provides information on plant cytogenetics for students, instructors, and researchers. Topics covered by international experts include classical cytogenetics of plant genomes; plant chromosome structure; functional, molecular cytology; and genome dynamics. In addition, chapters are included on several methods in plant cytogenetics, informatics, and even laboratory exercises for aspiring or practiced instructors. The book provides a unique combination of historical and modern subject matter, revealing the central role of plant cytogenetics in plant genetics and genomics as currently practiced. This breadth of coverage, together with the inclusion of methods and instruction, is intended to convey a deep and useful appreciation for plant cytogenetics. We hope it will inform and inspire students, researchers, and teachers to continue to employ plant cytogenetics to address fundamental questions about the cytology of plant chromosomes and genomes for years to come. Hank W. Bass is a Professor in the Department of Biological Science at Florida State University. James A. Birchler is a Professor in the Division of Biological Sciences at the University of Missouri.


Plant Cytogenetics

Plant Cytogenetics PDF
Author: David Moresby Moore
Publisher: Chapman & Hall
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 78
View: 6573
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Book Description: The beginnings of cytogenetics; Chromosome structure; Chromosome division and behaviour; Chromosome changes structure , number; Chromosomes and plant evolution; Suggestions for further reading.


Chromosome Engineering In Plants

Chromosome Engineering in Plants PDF
Author: P.K. Gupta
Publisher: Newnes
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 656
View: 2902
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Book Description: This two-volume work surveys the entire range of general aspects of chromosome research on plants. This first volume is divided into two sections. Section A consists of 11 chapters covering the entire range of general aspects of chromosome research in plants (including a chapter on genetic engineering in crop improvement). Section B is devoted to cytogenetics of cereals and millets (wheat, rye, barley, triticale, oats, maize, rice, pearl millet, and minor millets). More than one chapter is devoted to the same crop to give a detailed treatment of chromosome research (including molecular biology) in these crops. The second volume deals with cytogenetics of plant materials including legumes, vegetable and oil crops, sugar crops, forage crops, fibre crops, medicinal crops and ornamentals. This work will be useful both as a reference work and a teaching aid to satisfy a wide range of workers. Every chapter has been written by an expert who has been involved in chromosome research on a particular plant material for many years.


Plant Cytogenetics Third Edition

Plant Cytogenetics  Third Edition PDF
Author: Ram J. Singh
Publisher: CRC Press
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 774
View: 5516
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Book Description: Cytogenetics plays an important role in understanding the chromosomal and genetic architecture of plant species. Plant Cytogenetics, Third Edition follows the tradition of its predecessors presenting theoretical and practical aspects of plant cytogenetics. Chapters describe correct handling of plant chromosomes, methods in plant cytogenetics, cell division, reproduction methods, chromosome nomenclature, karyotype analysis, chromosomal aberrations, genome analysis, transgenic crops, and cytogenetics in plant breeding. This new edition begins with a brief introduction on the historical aspect of cytogenetics and flows directly into handling of plant chromosomes by classical and modern cytological techniques, classical Mendelian Genetics, brief description of cell division, and chromosome identification by karyotype analysis. The comprehension of cytogenetics is incomplete without information on the role of aneuploidy in associating a gene on a particular chromosome, and the book covers these methodologies as a primary topic. Covering classical to modern cytogenetics, the book presents to the reader the crucial role of cytogenetics in improving crops.


Genetics Cytogenetics And Breeding Of Crop Plants Cereal And Commercial Crops

Genetics  Cytogenetics and Breeding of Crop Plants  Cereal and commercial crops PDF
Author: P. N. Bahl
Publisher:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Crops
Languages : en
Pages : 374
View: 6566
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Book Description: This volume provides reviews on the topics pertinent for advances in breeding research. Concepts and approaches relating to genetics, cytogenetics and breeding aspects are dealt with.


Genetics Cytogenetics And Breeding Of Crop Plants Pulses And Oilseeds

Genetics  Cytogenetics and Breeding of Crop Plants  Pulses and oilseeds PDF
Author:
Publisher: Oxford & Ibh Publishing Company Private, Limited
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Crops
Languages : en
Pages :
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Book Description:


Advances In Plant Cytogenetics

Advances in Plant Cytogenetics PDF
Author: James Arthur Birchler
Publisher:
Format: PDF
Category : Plant cytogenetics
Languages : en
Pages : 0
View: 5442
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Book Description: The research reported in this volume illustrates the utility of incorporating cytogenetic tools into biological studies. Somatic chromosome identification is now becoming routine in selected plant species, and the utility of this technique will increase as it expands to other taxa. Individual genes or DNA fragments can be localized to chromosomes in combination with chromosomal identification techniques, which bypasses the need for multiple generations of genetic analysis to map molecular markers to chromosomal positions. The identity of individuals with chromosomal changes can be determined in root tip metaphase spreads, with subsequent growth of these individuals for further genetic and molecular analyses. These new techniques have allowed examination of chromosomal behavior in meiotic and somatic preparations at the whole-genome level. They are also the basis for studies of changes in chromosomal structure or transposable elements in different cells of a single tissue. The studies in this volume illustrate many of these applications and the diversity of research avenues they open up. This publication will be of interest to cytogeneticists, cytologists, cell biologists and evolutionary biologists.


Reviews In Plant Cytogenetics

Reviews in Plant Cytogenetics PDF
Author: Maria J. Puertas
Publisher: S. Karger AG (Switzerland)
Format: PDF
Category : Plant cytogenetics
Languages : en
Pages : 0
View: 6714
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Book Description: Chromosomes represent the main focus of cytogenetics. One of the main challenges of modern-day cytogenetics is to unravel the relation between the genomic content and architecture of chromosomes and their genetic function. Plant species have provided an important contribution to the knowledge of chromosome evolution, and those with large chromosomes have often been used in the study of chromosome behavior. The rapid development of molecular tools in the last few years has greatly furthered advances in elucidating the organization, behavior and evolution of chromosomes. This special issue of Cytogenetic and Genome Research presents an excellent compilation of current research in plant cytogenetics. In a series of review articles experts in the field explain and discuss the organization of chromosomes and the impact of new technologies, the organization and evolution of sex chromosomes and B chromosomes, recent advances in meiosis, and different aspects of chromosome evolution and plant breeding. Providing an excellent update, this book is recommended to researchers, teachers and students in genetics, plant biology and agronomy.


Cytogenetics

Cytogenetics PDF
Author: J. Schulz-Schaeffer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 453
View: 1962
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Book Description: Since 1961 the author has taught a course in Cytogenetics at Montana State University. Undergraduate and graduate stu dents of Biology, Chemistry, Microbiology, Animal and Range Science, Plant and Soil Science, Plant Pathology and Veterinary Science are enrolled. Therefore, the subject matter has been pre sented in an integrated way to correlate it with these diverse disciplines. This book has been prepared as a text for this course. The most recent Cytogenetics text was published in 1972, and rapidly developing research in this field makes a new one urgently needed. This book includes many aspects of Cytogenetics and related fields and is written for the college student as well as for the researcher. It is recommended that the student should have taken preparatory courses in Principles of Genetics and Cytol ogy. The content is more than is usually taught during one quar ter of an academic year, thus allowing an instructor to choose what he or she would like to present to a class. This approach also allows the researcher to obtain a broad exposure to this field of biology. References are generously supplied to stimulate orig inal reading on the subject and to give access to valuable sources. The detailed index is intended to be of special assistance to researchers.


Cytogenetics Plant Breeding And Evolution

Cytogenetics  Plant Breeding and Evolution PDF
Author: Umakant Sinha
Publisher:
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Genetics
Languages : en
Pages : 408
View: 1399
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Book Description: Cell organisation; Chemical basis of heredity; Catalytic functions of DNA; Physical organisation of the hereditary material; Cell division; Principles of inheritance; Linkage and crossing over; Gene expression and interaction; Determination of sex; Variation in chromosome number; Variation of chromosome structure; Mutation; Cytoplasmic inheritance and material; The gene since mendel; Genetic regulatory mechanisms; Genetic engineering; Quantitative inheritance; Genes in populations; Hybrid vigour or heterosis; Methods of plan breeding; Crop improvement; Evidences for evolution; Theories of evolution.


Genetics Cytogenetics And Breeding Of Crop Plants

Genetics  Cytogenetics and Breeding of Crop Plants PDF
Author: P. N. Bahl
Publisher:
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 332
View: 4973
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Book Description: This text focuses on the genetics, cytogenetics and breeding of crop plants. It covers crops such as rice, chickpea, piegeonpea and lentil.


Plant Cytogenetics

Plant Cytogenetics PDF
Author: Maria J. Puertas
Publisher: S. Karger AG (Switzerland)
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Cytogenetics
Languages : en
Pages : 0
View: 7456
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Book Description: Plants have played a significant role in the discovery of inheritance principles and many biological phenomena, such as the chromosomal basis of inheritance, the genome dynamics conferred by transposable elements, or the evolutionary implications of chromosomal mutations. While the molecular basis of gene structure and function has been widely studied, many aspects of chromosome structure, its functional significance and evolutionary implications remain to be established. This special issue of Cytogenetic and Genome Research presents an excellent compilation of current research in a wide range of cultivated and wild plant species. The contributions, reviews as well as original articles by experts in the field, reflect representative aspects of nuclear and chromosome organization, behavior in somatic and germ cells, evolution, and manipulation in breeding programs. It is an excellent source of information for investigators and students in plant genetics, plant biology and agronomy.


Dictionary Of Plant Breeding

Dictionary of Plant Breeding PDF
Author: Rolf H. J. Schlegel
Publisher: CRC Press
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 584
View: 4220
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Book Description: Arguably one of the oldest scientific traditions, plant breeding began in Neolithic times, with methods as simple as saving the seeds of desirable plants and sowing them later. It was not until the re-encounter with Mendel’s discoveries thousands of years later that the genetic basis of breeding was understood. Developments since then have provided further insight into how genes acting alone, or in concert with other genes and the environment, result in a particular phenotype. From Abaxial to Zymogram, the Dictionary of Plant Breeding contains clear and useful definitions of the terms associated with plant breeding and related scientific/technological disciplines. This second edition of a bestseller defines jargon, provides helpful tables, examples, and breeding schemes, and includes a list of crop plants with salient details. Packed with data and organized to make that data easy to access, this revised and expanded reference provides comprehensive coverage of the latest discoveries in cytogenetics, molecular genetics, marker-assisted selection, experimental gene transfer, seed sciences, crop physiology, and genetically modified crops. A complex subject, plant breeding draws from many scientific and technological disciplines, often making it difficult to know the precise meanings of many terms and to accurately interpret specific concepts. Most dictionaries available are highly specific and fragmentary. As in the previous edition, this dictionary unifies concepts by including the specific terms of plant breeding and terms that are adjusted from other disciplines. Drawing on the author’s 30 years of experience, the dictionary provides an encyclopedic list of commonly used technical terms that reflect the latest developments in the field.


Distant Hybridization Of Crop Plants

Distant Hybridization of Crop Plants PDF
Author: G. Kalloo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 282
View: 5100
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Book Description: Wild taxa are invaluable sources of resistance to diseases, insects/ pests, nematodes, temperature extremes, salinity and alkalinity stresses, and also of nutritional quality; adaptation; genetic diversity and new species. Utilization of wild relatives of a crop depends largely upon its crossability relations with cultivated varieties. Sev eral wild species are not crossable with the commercial cultivars due to various isolation barriers. Furthermore, in a few cases, hybridiza tion is possible only in one direction and reciprocal crosses are not successful, thus depriving the utilization of desired cytoplasm of many species. However, techniques have been developed to over come many barriers and hybrid plants are produced. New crop species have been developed by overcoming the F 1 sterility and producing amphidiploids and such crops are commercially being grown in the field. The segregation pattern ofF 1 hybrids produced by distant hybridization in segregating generations are different from the intervarietal hybrids. In former cases, generally, unidirectional segregation takes place in early generations and accordingly, selec tion procedures are adopted. In most of the cases, backcross or modified backcross methods have been followed to utilize wild species, and thus numerous types of resistance and other economical attributes have been transferred in the recurrent parents. Protoplast fusion has been amply demonstrated in a number of cases where sexual hybridization was not possible and, as a result, hybrids have been produced.


Cytogenetics

Cytogenetics PDF
Author: P. K. Gupta
Publisher: Rastogi Publications
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Cytogenetics
Languages : en
Pages : 436
View: 438
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Plant Cytogenetics

Plant Cytogenetics PDF
Author: Shahryar F. Kianian
Publisher: Humana
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 198
View: 4389
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Book Description: This volume covers a range of methods used in plant cytogenetics, beginning with basic analysis of chromosomes and visualizing gene locations, to manipulating and dissecting chromosomes, and then focusing on less understood features of chromosomes such as recombination initiation sites and epigenomic marks. The methods described in Plant Cytogenetics: Methods and Protocols build on each other and provide, those new to the field, with a comprehensive platform to support their research endeavours, while also introducing advanced techniques to experienced researchers. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting edge and thorough, Plant Cytogenetics: Methods and Protocols, is a valuable resource for anyone who is interested in the diverse and wonderfully complex field of cytogenetics.